France’s solution to the perfect ’70s sports car is as weird as you’d expect
Britain has probably produced more low-volume cars than any other nation, but if you want quirky, it’s the French who rule. France is a country whose most mainstream cars are anything but, and you need look no further than the Matra-Simca Bagheera for proof.
The Matra M530 was the predecessor to the Matra-Simca Bagheera. It was Matra’s own project, but it had never been a sales success, partly because its maker didn’t have an established dealer network. Partnering with Simca would fix that problem at a stroke, and it would also give Matra access to a raft of oily bits that could underpin the M530’s successor.
In the early 1970s, mid-engined sports cars were generally out of reach; only the Matra M530 and Lotus Europa were reasonably affordable. But rival companies had latched onto the benefits of sticking the motive power in the middle, which is why Porsche and Fiat introduced the 914 and the X1/9, respectively. Matra did some research. It found that those in the market for a small sports car wanted more than two seats, but they also didn’t want a cramped 2+2. In that case, Matra figured, three-across must be the ideal configuration.
The man given the task of designing this new mid-engined three-seater (codenamed Project M550 by its maker) was Jean Toprieux, who widened the M530 by two inches and incorporated a flat floor, so that all occupants could be comfortable. After 11 prototypes had been built and tested, production of the new sports car got under way in March 1973, with customer sales beginning six months later. By the following summer more than 10,000 Bagheeras had been sold across Europe, although in 1975 the Bagheera was named as the most problematic new car by German motoring association ADAC.
Those who test drove the Bagheera loved its handling and roomy cabin, but the fitment of the Simca 1100 Ti’s 1294-cc four-cylinder guaranteed performance that was embarrassing for a sports car. When CAR magazine drove one of the first Bagheeras, its headline said it all: “Sheep in wolf’s clothing.” With just 82 hp and 78 lb-ft of torque, the Bagheera took a tardy 12.3 seconds to despatch the 0-to-60 mph sprint according to Autocar (though Matra-Simca claimed 11.5). A 102-mph top speed would hardly set anyone’s pulse racing. More grunt was definitely needed.
Matra-Simca responded by introducing the Bagheera S in mid-1975, with a 1442-cc four-pot rated at 87 hp and 90 lb-ft of torque. Borrowed from the Chrysler Alpine, this engine offered more low-down torque and, so Matra claimed, boosted top speed to 115 mph. Acceleration was slightly more exciting than before, at 11.6 seconds for the 0-to-62 mph sprint, but it was the steering and handling that made the Bagheera such a delight to drive.
Although some U.K. magazines tested the 1.3-liter model, official U.K. imports didn’t start until summer of 1976, by which point a mildly facelifted Bagheera S had been introduced. As well as an elongated nose and revised tail panels, there were bigger bumpers and side windows, and it was in this form that selected Chrysler dealers were given the task of selling the left-hand drive-only Bagheera at a hefty £5370 (in today’s money, over $36,000). For context, the TR7 and X1/9 were more than £2000 less, and even the TVR 3000M was cheaper. Despite this disadvantage, several hundred Bagheeras were imported and according to the Matra Enthusiasts’ Club U.K., at least 65 were converted to right-hand drive (at extra cost) by independent company Hodec.
Peugeot took over Chrysler’s European operation in August 1978, and a year later the Bagheera was killed off in the U.K. Sales continued for a little bit longer in Europe though, with the cars wearing Talbot-Simca badges instead of Matra-Simca. In 1979 the 1294-cc engine was dropped, leaving only the 1442-cc unit, now with a five-speed manual gearbox. (All previous Bagheeras had featured a four-speed transmission.) But the Bagheera was on borrowed time and in April 1980 the final example was made, bringing production to a total of 47,802 units.
That was healthy enough for its maker to introduce a successor, another mid-engined three-seater in the form of the Matra Murena. We’ll tell you all about it next week.